V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. Indian sepoys believed that the cartridge used to be greased with either pig fats or made from cow fat. Finish Editing. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. Save. Edit. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British … The Board of Control (set up under the 1784 Pitt’s India Act) was canceled. Are you ready for UPSC Exam? Satara, Jhansi & Sambhalpur were annexed owing Doctrine of Lapse. In spite of the fact that the Wahabi uprising was fundamentally motivated by hostility to settler slants yet, it had a Pentecostal and mutual propensity. 100 years of the rule of the East India Company marked the zenith of exploitation in India. Further, they were also apprehensive about serving overseas since this meant a loss of their caste according to their beliefs. Hindus and Muslims were forced into Christianity. They additionally did not have a coherent design by using which the foreigners would be routed. It erupted on 10th July 1806 in Vellore, present-day Tamil Nadu, and lasted only for a day, but it was brutal and it was the first major mutiny by the Indian sepoys in the East India Company. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. 4. The three presidencies of Bengal, Bombay, and Madras remained broadly speaking unaffected. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. 21 RELIGIOUS CAUSES. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. Played 0 times. Economic and Military Causes of Revolt of 1857. Check your preparation with Free UPSC Mock Test. Related Questions to study. 2 mins read. Political Causes – The British growth had unjust policies that led to the loss of strength from the Nawabs and Zamindars dwelling at a number of places in India. Although it is exaggeration, it laid the seeds for Indian nationalism. 2 mins read. Thus the peasants had been substantially influenced to overthrow the British Government from India and led to their active participation in the rebellion of 1857. The social causes behind the revolt are: (1) Political and organizational • Under British rule, each region became a scene of resistance and revolt. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. The policy of taxing lands belonging to temples and mosques lent further support to this idea. These modifications prompted separation in the socio-social, budgetary, and political presence of the individuals. 094: British Occupation of India - Part 9: The Causes and Impact of the Revolt of 1857 In this episode, we talk about The Causes and Impact of the Revolt of 1857 The Revolt of 1857 is also known by other names such as The Sepoy Mutiny, The Indian Mutiny, The Great Rebellion, The Indian Insurrection, India’s First War of Independence. 5. The depth of the rebellion of 1857, even though limited in positive pockets, used to be so high that it shook the backbone of British rule in India, and it also proved the reality that the East India Company which was basically a trading organization was now not efficiently adequate in tackling Indian administration. Under the administration of Sidhu and Kanhu, a huge number of Santhals rebelled against the severe British and their nearby Indian coordinated efforts. 4. Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. They assaulted English plants and plundered their products, arms, and cash. Live Game Live. Others from lower arrange likewise went along with them. Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. Causes of the Revolt: a. 0% average accuracy. The rebellion was first started by sepoys of the company’s army on May 10, 1857 at Meerut. Share practice link. It was initially established by Bhagat JawaharMal in 1840. After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the political control of the East India Company extended and before the finish of the eighteenth century, the British rose as the essential vitality in India. British rules and policies were the root cause of the Revolt of 1857. Solo Practice. Economic cause: Heavy … Your email address will not be published. Play. 19. Causes of Failure of Revolt. (d) The rebels lacked a common cause and had different goals. The revolt of 1857 was though a regional manifestation yet the causes and the events that instigated the revolt were surely having a Pan-Indian characteristic. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. This used to be in opposition to the Hindu and Muslim sentiments and religious ideologies. Tags: Competitive examsIndian HistoryResistance To British RuleRevolt of 1857, Your email address will not be published. The Indian sepoys were unhappy that the foreign service allowance (bhatta) which they were entitled to while serving in the Singh or Punjab was withdrawn. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. 20. Administrative Causes of Revolt of 1857. 2. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. Simultaneously an enormous number of Fakirs or Muslim beggars rebelled against the British under the authority of Majnu Shah and Cheragh Ali. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. The most significant impact was the presentation of the Government of India act which nullified the standard of British East India Company and denoted the beginning of British raj that gave powers in the possession of the British specialists to run India straightforwardly through delegates. Begum Hazrat Mahal, Birjis Qadir, Ahmadullah, Nana Sahib, Rao Sahib, Tantia Tope, Azimullah Khan, Kandapareshwar Singh, Maniram Dutta Baruah. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Also, the import of British Machine to India, the exclusion of Indian sepoys at higher ranks in the military, etc. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. The job of the Governor-General turned out to be more articulated and his profile was currently considered the Viceroy also. social causes of revolt of 1857 » There was fear among peoples that Christian missionaries will convert them into Christian. Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. The Rani of Jhansi, Laxmibai , was not allowed to adopt a son. Social Studies. 3. The Polygars had been led through Kattabomma Nayak (also called Veerapandi Kattabomman) who was once in charge of Panchalankurichi Palayam. Practice . • This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. These various grievances reached their climax in the revolt of 1857, which in spite of targeting certain organizations of Indians stood the outstanding rebellion in opposition to the British before the establishment of the Indian Freedom Movement. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. 0. Be that as it may, his real aspiration was to resuscitate the Muslim force in Hindustan by ousting the Sikhs in Punjab and British in Bengal. The India House was the summit body to oversee India and was an associating join between the British Parliament and the Indian administering framework. » Introduction of the cartridge which was believed to coated with pigs and cows skin which is strictly prohibited for Muslims and Hindu respectively. It was once the Polygars who gathered taxes from the cultivators. They announced the finish of the British standards. This enraged Indians and led to the insurrection of 1857. The European juries allowed European criminals with little or no punishment. It also affected large parts of North and Central India. Other general causes of revolt were the British land revenue policies and the systems of law and administration. The British were rude and used abusive and insultive language. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. But the Singhphos remained in a mood of sullen discontent and once more rose in rebellion in 1839 when they killed the British political agent. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to quite a number of elements which are referred to below: 1. Your IP: 188.138.33.138 Thus they were reluctant to use the ‘Enfield’ rifle. POLITICAL CAUSES Lord Dalhousie’s policy of annexation and the Doctrine of Lapse had made the Indian rulers angry and insecure. Polygars (Palaiyakkarars) have been feudal lords who had been appointed as military chiefs and administrative governors from the time of the Vijayanagara Empire in components of Southern India. Administration of India Act, 1858: Under this Act, the standard of the East India Company was annulled and the British Parliament had assumed direct liability towards administering India. The British Government couldn’t afford to lose India at any cost, so consequently, the British Government decided to abolish the rule of the East India Company, and direct Government was once installed, guided through the British Parliament. After a progression of beginning mishaps, the British authority could, at last, stifle the Santhal defiance yet just with a military guide. The insurrection was ultimately not successful in ousting the British from the country due to the fact of countless factors. They did not interact with the Indians and humiliated them. Do you want to crack UPSC in first attempt? So this development was unequivocally strict politically in character. Indus Valley Civilization – Harappa Civilization, Vedic Period – Origin, Society & Politics, Cultural Trends in Ancient Medieval India, Revolt of 1857 – Resistance to British Rule, Rise of Separatist Trends & Muslim League. Number of historians argue that the revolt. Let’s get the details of Nawabs and their power In mid-eighteenth … If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Causes of the Revolt of 1857 DRAFT. His replacements Dudu Mian and Nowa Mian effectively assembled the Muslim workers of focal and eastern Bengal against the zamindars and moneylenders who were for the most part Hindus and the indigo grower who was British. Saiyad Ahmad of Rae-Bareily was the organizer of this development in India. Conscriptions of laborers for street building linking the Brahmaputra valley with Sylhet passing through the whole length of the Khasi dominated the Khasis to rebel under the leadership of Tirut Singh. The Muslim feelings had been badly hurt when after the death of Bahadur Shah II, Lord Canning took away regal … Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. 3. These three settlements have been notably exploitative, and in particular, the Permanent settlement had created a devastating impact. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. He took his own life in order to keep away from capture by the British in 1809. It attempted to define Islam by disposing of all the un-Islamic practices which had crawled into Muslim society through the ages. The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. Rani Lakshmibai was born around 1835 and was named _____. This hurt all the sections of the society. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. 6. While the British have been engaged in harassing warfare with the Khasis, the Singhphos broke into an open rise in early 1830, which was suppressed after 3 months. The cartridge had to be bitten off earlier than loading it into the gun. The instantaneous element used to be the introduction of the ‘Enfield’ rifle. 39 minutes ago. Religious and Social Causes – Racism or racial discrimination used to be believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 whereby Indians had been exploited and had been kept away from mixing with Europeans. Join UPSC Telegram Channel. So, we are going to see in-depth about the revolt of 1857 and the uprising before that too. And this exploitation used to be in all directions, i.e. The Second Polygar War (1800 – 01) is additionally referred to as the South Indian Rebellion due to its scale and reach. Edit. This started off disobedience in 1828 under the authority of Gomdhar Konwar. Personal Tutor 1,345 views. The Santhal resistance was ancestral disobedience set apart by ancestral interests and a solid enemy of British emotions. VIEW MORE. 2 mins read. In the battles with the British troops, Kattabomman at the start escaped but was once as a result caught and publicly hanged as a warning to other Polygars. Thus, from the above discussion, we can say that the main causes of the Revolt of 1857 were due to various policies introduced by the British, the rapid spread of English education, imposing of heavy duties. Cloudflare Ray ID: 60665f3ff811dfa9 7th - 12th grade . Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. Wahhabism spread quickly in Bihar, Bengal, UP, and North-Western India. This enraged Indians and led to the insurrection of 1857. Social Studies. But the East India Company got here into war with the Polygars over the question of who must collect taxes, and sought to manage the Polygars. View Answer. The originator of this development was Haji Shariatullah of Faridpur (eastern Bengal). Check your preparation with. 3 mins read. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. The Bengal government at long last stifled them in the 1860s after a progression of captures, preliminaries, and abuses. Religious and Social Causes – Racism or racial discrimination used to be believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 whereby Indians had been exploited and had been kept away from mixing with Europeans. The Sikh troopers also did not take part in the rebellion. Majorly northern India used to be affected through this revolt. 3 mins read. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. This arose discontent and used to be a major military issue that resulted in the insurrection of 1857. "CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857" PART III (SOCIAL CAUSES) CLASS 8 HISTORY FOR UPSC/SSC/CGL/PSC - Duration: 4:53. Lack of Societal Alternative By proclaiming Bahadur Shah as the leader of the Revolt, the mutinous sepoys demonstrated a lack of societal alternative to the British occupation. The revolt of 1857 shook the establishment of the British East India Company and uncovered their wastefulness in managing the Indian organization. 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